Queen of Poland, Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, engraving by Antoine Trouvain, c.1695
Interesting early copper plate engraving of the Queen of Poland, standing before an extensive landscaped garden, her hand resting on a crown to one side, the other gesturing,
engraved below “Chez Trouvain, rue St Jacques au grand Monarque avec privilege du Roy”
Frame 21.3 x 16.5cm
great condition, well framed
This print represents Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1671-1727), who was married to Augustus II ‘The Strong’, King of Poland & Elector of Saxony – and famous in the porcelain world as the instigator of Meissen, the first porcelain manufactory in Europe.
Her father was Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Beyreuth, and she married Augustus II in 1693. It was an unhappy marriage, and she was never actually crowned Queen of Poland – in fact, she never set foot in Poland! Her correct title would be ‘Queen Consort of Poland’ and ‘Electress Consort of Saxony’.
She was Protestant, and outraged at Augustus’s sudden conversion to Catholicism in 1697 & subsequent securing of the Electorship of Saxony. When he became King of Poland, he needed her by his side, but she refused, and lived her own life in Dresden, Bayreuth, and her other estates. They had a single child, Augustus III. She died in 1727; Bach composed a cantata in her memory.
Antoine Trouvain (1656-1708)was active in Paris in the latter 17th/ earlier 18th century. He was contemporary with the Bonnart brothers, his premises located on the same street, Rue St Jacques.