Egyptian Ptah-Sokar-Osiris wood figure, 3rd Intermediate, 1085-656 BC
Large Egyptian wood representation of Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, the creator god, shown in typical mummiform pose, an interesting feature being ‘kneecaps’, with traces of black pigment decoration including a meander near the now absent beard. Third Intermediate Period, circa 1085-656 B.C.
some wear, no restoration.
Ptah was the creator God of the Memphis doctrine: he was also the patron of craftsmen, the title of his High Priest being 'greatest of the controllers of craftsmen'. He created the world through thought, making him an intellectual rather than physical creator - unlike the alternative Egyptian Heliopolitan doctrine which relied on the physical actions of the creator Atum. He is responsible for our name for Egypt: the Memphis shrine was called 'Hwt-ka-Ptah'(Mansion of the Spirit of Ptah), and the Greek translation 'Aeguptos' gave us the modern English 'Egypt'. By the later dynasties, from which this piece dates, he was combined with two other Gods, known as Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, the ultimate God of the dead.